4 flats – F minor

8 o’clock

F minor (8 o'clock on the circle of fifths)

 

Key signature: 4 flats

On B, E, A, and D

4 flats

 

F minor scale

 

1. F natural minor scale

F natural minor scale Keyboard figure

Detail of fingering

 

2. F harmonic minor scale

F harmonic minor scale Keyboard figure

Detail of fingering

 

3. F melodic minor scale

Ascending
F melodic minor scale (ascending) Keyboard figure

Descending
F melodic minor scale (descending) Keyboard figure

Detail of fingering